Publication – Sialic Acid-Binding Protein Sp2CBMTD Protects Mice against Lethal Challenge with Emerging Influenza A (H7N9) Virus

Compounds that target the cellular factors essential for influenza virus replication represent an innovative approach to antiviral
therapy. Sp2CBMTD is a genetically engineered multivalent protein that masks sialic acid-containing cellular receptors on the
respiratory epithelium, which are recognized by influenza viruses. Here, we evaluated the antiviral potential of Sp2CBMTD
against lethal infection in mice with an emerging A/Anhui/1/2013 (H7N9) influenza virus and addressed the mechanistic basis of
its activity in vivo. Sp2CBMTD was administered to mice intranasally as a single or repeated dose (0.1, 1, 10, or 100 g) before
(day7,3, and/or1) or after (6 or 24 h) H7N9 virus inoculation. A single Sp2CBMTD dose (10 or 100 g) protected 80% to
100% of the mice when administered 7 days before the H7N9 lethal challenge.

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